An Efficient Humanized Mouse Model for Oral Anti-Retroviral Administration

Amber K. Virdi, Sang Ho, Melanie S. Seaton, Arnold Z. Olali, Srinivas D. Narasipura, Hannah J. Barbian, Leannie J. Olivares, Hemil Gonzalez, Lee C. Winchester, Anthony T. Podany, Ryan D. Ross, Lena Al-Harthi, Jennillee Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

HIV anti-retrovirals (ARVs) have vastly improved the life expectancy of people living with HIV (PLWH). However, toxic effects attributed to long-term ARV use also contribute to HIV-related co-morbidities such as heart disease, bone loss and HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Unfortunately, mouse models used to study the effects of ARVs on viral suppression, toxicity and HIV latency/tissue reservoirs have not been widely established. Here, we demonstrate an effective mouse model utilizing immune-compromised mice, reconstituted with infected human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs). ARVs areincorporated into mouse chow and administered daily with combination ARV regimens includingAtripla (efavirenz, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, and emtricitabine) and Triumeq (abacavir, dolutegravir and lamivudine). This model measures HIV-infected human cell trafficking, and ARV penetration throughout most relevant HIV organs and plasma, with a large amount of trafficking to the secondary lymphoid organs. Furthermore, the HIV viral load within each organ and the plasma was reduced in ARV treated vs. untreated control. Overall, we have demonstrated a mouse model that is relatively easy and affordable to establish and utilize to study ARVs’ effect on various tissues, including the co-morbid conditions associated with PLWH, such as HAND, and other toxic effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1034
JournalCells
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • anti-retroviral
  • HIV
  • human cell trafficking
  • integration
  • latency
  • mouse model
  • viral load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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