An evaluation of 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels in patients with acute toothaches: Efficacy, tolerability and compliance with label dose administration directions

Elliot V. Hersh, Sebastian G. Ciancio, Arthur S. Kuperstein, Eric T. Stoopler, Paul A. Moore, Sean G. Boynes, Steven C. Levine, Paul Casamassimo, Rina Leyva, Tanya Mathew, Othman Shibly, Paul Creighton, Gary E. Jeffers, Patricia M.A. Corby, Stanley M. Turetzky, Athena Papas, Jillian Wallen, Cynthia Idzik-Starr, Sharon M. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The authors evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels compared with those of a vehicle (placebo) gel for the temporary relief of toothache pain. They also assessed the compliance with the label dose administration directions on the part of participants with toothache pain. Methods: Under double-masked conditions, 576 participants self-applied study gel to an open tooth cavity and surrounding oral tissues. Participants evaluated their pain intensity and pain relief for 120 minutes. The authors determined the amount of gel the participants applied. Results: The responders' rates (the primary efficacy parameter), defined as the percentage of participants who had an improvement in pain intensity as exhibited by a pain score reduction of at least one unit on the dental pain scale from baseline for two consecutive assessments any time between the five- and 20-minute points, were 87.3 percent, 80.7 percent and 70.4 percent, respectively, for 20 percent benzocaine gel, 10 percent benzocaine gel and vehicle gel. Both benzocaine gels were significantly (P ≤.05) better than vehicle gel; the 20 percent benzocaine gel also was significantly (P ≤.05) better than the 10 percent benzocaine gel. The mean amount of gel applied was 235.6 milligrams, with 88.2 percent of participants applying 400 mg or less. Conclusions: Both 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels were more efficacious than the vehicle gel, and the 20 percent benzocaine gel was more efficacious than the 10 percent benzocaine gel. All treatments were well tolerated by participants. Practical Implications: Patients can use 10 percent and 20 percent benzocaine gels to temporarily treat toothache pain safely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Volume144
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Benzocaine
  • Double stopwatch
  • Methemoglobinemia
  • Pain
  • Toothache
  • Topical anesthetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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