An evaluation of bias in estimated breeding values for weaning weight in Angus beef cattle field records. II. Estimates of bias due to genetic trend.

W. A. Zollinger, M. K. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Field records (53,989) from the American Angus Association were used to evaluate the impact of bias associated with genetic trend in estimated breeding values for weaning weight. Annual estimates of breeding values were calculated using the reported weaning weight ratios and ratios adjusted for estimated genetic trend. Genetic gains were assumed to be consistently linear. Bias was estimated as the difference between the two estimates, and herd averages across years for dam's bias ranged from .38 to 3.86 ratio units. The bias was a function of the magnitude of the estimated trend and the generation interval. The impact of this bias was small in young cows, but increased rapidly after diet fourth or fifth calves. When annual genetic trend was less than .75 ratio units, the loss in selection response (based upon selecting the top 10 and 50% of males and females, respectively) did not exceed 2.5%. In herds with trends between .75 and 1.1 units/yr, the loss was 6 to 8%. In the five herds where estimated trend exceeded 1.1 units/yr, the loss ranged from 10.8 to 25.2%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)550-555
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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