An ex vivo model of hematopoietic stem cell mobilization

Anne Kessinger, Murphy B. O'Kane, J. D. Jackson, J. G. Sharp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells to the circulation facilitates their collection, thereby providing a non-marrow source of these cells for transplantation. Hematopoietic cytokine administration induces mobilization for most, but not all, donors. Because the underlying biology of mobilization is not well understood, improving the process on a rational basis is difficult. The design of an in vitro mobilization model was pursued to facilitate investigations of the process. Methods: MS5 murine stromal cell line cells were grown to confluence on microporous transwell membranes. Murine femoral marrow plugs were placed on top of the prepared transwell membranes. The transwells were then seated in wells containing media and hematopoietic growth factors. Cells that were released from the marrow plugs over time and migrated through the stromal layer into the wells were assayed for stem cell/progenitor cell characteristics. Results: Few or no GM-CSF (progenitors) were found in wells containing media alone or media plus mobilizing cytokines after 24 h. After 120 h, the numbers of cells in the cytokine-containing wells increased, as did the numbers of CD34 + cells. Cells in the wells at the time progenitor cells were most frequent were shown to include side population (SP) hematopoietic stem cells. After 120 h in the presence of cytokines, cells pooled from the wells were transplanted to lethally irradiated mice. Eighty per cent of the transplanted mice survived 30 days or more, demonstrating that radioprotective stem cells were present in the wells. Discussion: An ex vivo model has been designed that may aid investigati ons of the various steps of stem cell mobilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-469
Number of pages7
JournalCytotherapy
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Hematopoietic stem cells
  • In vitro model
  • Mobilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Oncology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Transplantation

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