Analysis of biomolecular interactions using affinity microcolumns: A review

Xiwei Zheng, Zhao Li, Sandya Beeram, Maria Podariu, Ryan Matsuda, Erika L. Pfaunmiller, Christopher J. White, Na Tasha Carter, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Affinity chromatography has become an important tool for characterizing biomolecular interactions. The use of affinity microcolumns, which contain immobilized binding agents and have volumes in the mid-to-low microliter range, has received particular attention in recent years. Potential advantages of affinity microcolumns include the many analysis and detection formats that can be used with these columns, as well as the need for only small amounts of supports and immobilized binding agents. This review examines how affinity microcolumns have been used to examine biomolecular interactions. Both capillary-based microcolumns and short microcolumns are considered. The use of affinity microcolumns with zonal elution and frontal analysis methods are discussed. The techniques of peak decay analysis, ultrafast affinity extraction, split-peak analysis, and band-broadening studies are also explored. The principles of these methods are examined and various applications are provided to illustrate the use of these methods with affinity microcolumns. It is shown how these techniques can be utilized to provide information on the binding strength and kinetics of an interaction, as well as on the number and types of binding sites. It is further demonstrated how information on competition or displacement effects can be obtained by these methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-63
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume968
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2014

Keywords

  • Affinity microcolumns
  • Biointeraction analysis
  • Frontal affinity chromatography
  • High-performance affinity chromatography
  • Ultrafast affinity extraction
  • Zonal elution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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