Analysis of drug interactions with high-density lipoprotein by high-performance affinity chromatography

Sike Chen, Matthew R. Sobansky, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Columns containing immobilized lipoproteins were prepared for the analysis of drug interactions with these particles by high-performance affinity chromatography (HPAC). This approach was evaluated by using it to examine the binding of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) to the drugs propranolol and verapamil. HDL was immobilized by the Schiff base method onto silica and gave HPAC columns with reproducible binding to propranolol over 4-5 days of continuous operation at pH 7.4. Frontal analysis experiments indicated that two types of interaction were occurring between R- or S-propranolol and HDL at 37 °C: saturable binding with an association equilibrium constant (Ka) of 1.1-1.9 × 105 M-1 and nonsaturable binding with an overall affinity constant (n Ka) of 3.7-4.1 × 104 M-1. Similar results were found at 4 and 27 °C. Verapamil also gave similar behavior, with a Ka of 6.0 × 104 M-1 at 37 °C for the saturable sites and an n Ka for the nonsaturable sites of 2.5 × 104 M-1. These measured affinities gave good agreement with solution phase values. The results indicated that HPAC can be used to study drug interactions with HDL, providing information that should be valuable in obtaining a better description of how drugs are transported within the body.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Drug binding
  • Frontal analysis
  • High-density lipoprotein
  • High-performance affinity chromatography
  • Propranolol
  • Verapamil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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