Analysis of dual class I histone deacetylase and lysine demethylase inhibitor domatinostat (4SC-202) on growth and cellular and genomic landscape of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid

Mariah M. Hoffman, Jessica S. Zylla, Somshuvra Bhattacharya, Kristin Calar, Timothy W. Hartman, Ratan D. Bhardwaj, W. Keith Miskimins, Pilar de la Puente, Etienne Z. Gnimpieba, Shanta M. Messerli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATRTs) are rare and aggressive tumors with a very poor prognosis. Current treatments for ATRT include resection of the tumor, followed by systemic chemotherapy and radiation therapy, which have toxic side effects for young children. Gene expression analyses of human ATRTs and normal brain samples indicate that ATRTs have aberrant expression of epigenetic markers including class I histone deacetylases (HDAC’s) and lysine demethylase (LSD1). Here, we investigate the effect of a small molecule epigenetic modulator known as Domatinostat (4SC-202), which inhibits both class I HDAC’s and Lysine Demethylase (LSD1), on ATRT cell survival and single cell heterogeneity. Our findings suggest that 4SC-202 is both cytotoxic and cytostatic to ATRT in 2D and 3D scaffold cell culture models and may target cancer stem cells. Single-cell RNA sequencing data from ATRT-06 spheroids treated with 4SC-202 have a reduced population of cells overexpressing stem cell-related genes, including SOX2. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence on 3D ATRT-06 scaffold models support these results suggesting that 4SC-202 reduces expression of cancer stem cell markers SOX2, CD133, and FOXM1. Drug-induced changes to the systems biology landscape are also explored by multi-omics enrichment analyses. In summary, our data indicate that 4SC-202 has both cytotoxic and cytostatic effects on ATRT, targets specific cell sub-populations, including those with cancer stem-like features, and is an important potential cancer therapeutic to be investigated in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number756
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 4SC-202
  • ATRT
  • Cancer stem cell
  • Domatinostat
  • Scaffold
  • Single-cell RNA-sequencing
  • Systems biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Hoffman, M. M., Zylla, J. S., Bhattacharya, S., Calar, K., Hartman, T. W., Bhardwaj, R. D., Miskimins, W. K., de la Puente, P., Gnimpieba, E. Z., & Messerli, S. M. (2020). Analysis of dual class I histone deacetylase and lysine demethylase inhibitor domatinostat (4SC-202) on growth and cellular and genomic landscape of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid. Cancers, 12(3), [756]. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers12030756