Analysis of Pediatric Clinical Practice Guideline Authors by Gender, Race, and Ethnicity

Amarilis A. Martin, Jeremy W. Jacobs, Priscila Rodrigues Armijo, Jessica M. Allan, Garrett S. Booth, Nancy D. Spector, Barbara Overholser, Julie K. Silver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) have significantly influenced medical practice worldwide. Nevertheless, the authorship of CPGs produced by several medical societies has not been representative of the field and population they address, as women and individuals from racial and ethnic minority groups have been underrepresented as authors. We hypothesized that women and individuals from minoritized racial and ethnic groups would also be underrepresented as authors of CPGs produced by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the gender, race, and ethnic composition of authors and subcommittee participants of AAP-produced CPGs published from January 2010 through May 2023 were analyzed and compared to the 2010 and 2021 U.S. population and 2010 and 2022 U.S. medical school pediatric faculty. Results: Women (39.7%, 127/320 of all positions, and 42.5%, 85/200 of named author positions) and women physicians (35.2%, 101/287 of all positions, and 36.4%, 64/176 of named author positions) were significantly underrepresented—while men and men physicians were significantly overrepresented—from their respective composition in the U.S. Census and pediatric faculty. Women and women physicians from all racial and ethnic groups and men and men physicians from minority racial and ethnic groups were significantly underrepresented—from their respective composition in the U.S. Census and pediatric faculty. No Black man was identified as an author. Conclusions: Medical societies that produce CPGs should be cognizant of these inequities and ensure appropriate authorship diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Women's Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • clinical practice guidelines
  • diversity
  • equity
  • inclusion
  • minority group representation
  • pediatrics
  • women representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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