Analysis of transcriptional activation of a cyclic AMP response element by 2,6,10,14‐tetramethylpentadecane (pristane) in JB6 mouse epidermal cells

Marcin Banbura, Cathleen Ackland‐Berglund, Soong‐Ho ‐H Lee, Deborah Hamernik, Clinton Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pristane is a naturally occurring isoprenoid that is believed to be derived from the phytyl moity of chlorophyll. Thus, it is not surprising that pristane is present in many common fruits and vegetables. Furthermore, pristane can be detected in the tissues of fish and mammals. In animal models using rodents, pristane canfunction as a potent tumour promoter. At the molecular level, pristane can induce changes in the plasma membrane, alter the conformation of chromatin, and selectively activate gene expression. Addition of pristane to a mouse epidermal cell line (JB6 P+) allows these cells to grow in an anchorage‐independent manner. In contrast, JB6 P‐cells are not transformed by pristane. Our study was undertaken to correlate transformation of P+ cells with changes induced by pristane. Transcriptional activation of a cyclic AMP response element (CRE) was in duced by pristane in P+ and P‐cells. Point mutations in the CRE abolished activation by pristane, thus indicating that an intact CRE was necessary for pristane activation. In P+ cells, pristane repressed phosphodiesterase activity. However, protein kinase A was activated by pristance in P+ and P‐cells. Taken together, these results indicated pristane induced novel changes in P+cells that in turn may facilitate neoplastic transformation.©1994 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-214
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Isoprenoid
  • cAMP response element
  • gene expression
  • phosphodiesterase
  • protein kinase A
  • tumor promotion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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