In this study, chemical replacement combined with surface-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (CR-SENLIBS) was introduced for detecting the trace chromium (Cr) element in an aqueous solution, which could use chemical replacement to change the sample from liquid to solid. In order to illustrate the analytical-performance of the CR-SENLIBS, the direct analysis of the liquid surface by LIBS (LSLIBS) was investigated for comparison. The results show that the spectral intensity of Cr I 357.86 nm, plasma lifetime, and spectral stability were improved. Moreover, the limit of detection of Cr I 357.86 nm was 0.018 μg/mL, which was lower than 1.814 μg/mL for LSLIBS. Furthermore, the accuracy and precision were improved more than 60% and 80%, respectively; for example, the root-mean-square error of cross-validation was improved from 1.09 to 0.75 μg/mL, and the average relative standard deviation of the predicted concentration of Cr was reduced from 22.89% to 4.53% by using CR-SENLIBS. These results suggest that CR-SENLIBS has good analytical-performance, which exhibits great potential in water quality monitoring.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering