Anisotropic dielectric functions, band-to-band transitions, and critical points in α-Ga2O3

Matthew Hilfiker, Rafał Korlacki, Riena Jinno, Yongjin Cho, Huili Grace Xing, Debdeep Jena, Ufuk Kilic, Megan Stokey, Mathias Schubert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


We use a combined generalized spectroscopic ellipsometry and density functional theory approach to determine and analyze the anisotropic dielectric functions of an α-Ga2O3 thin film. The sample is grown epitaxially by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy on m-plane sapphire. Generalized spectroscopic ellipsometry data from multiple sample azimuths in the spectral range from 0.73 eV to 8.75 eV are simultaneously analyzed. Density functional theory is used to calculate the valence and conduction band structure. We identify, for the indirect-bandgap material, two direct band-to-band transitions with M0-type van Hove singularities for polarization perpendicular to the c axis, E 0, 1 = 5.46 (6) eV and E 0, 1 = 6.04 (1) eV, and one direct band-to-band transition with M1-type van Hove singularity for polarization parallel to E 0, | | = 5.44 (2) eV. We further identify excitonic contributions with a small binding energy of 7 meV associated with the lowest ordinary transition and a hyperbolic exciton at the M1-type critical point with a large binding energy of 178 meV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number062103
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number6
StatePublished - Feb 8 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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