Anisotropy of crystal-melt interfacial free energy of silicon by simulation

Pankaj A. Apte, X. C. Zeng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


We extend the cleaving wall method to a nonpairwise additive potential. Using this method, we compute the anisotropy of crystal-melt interfacial free energy γ for Stillinger-Weber potential of silicon [F. H. Stillinger and T. A. Weber, Phys. Rev. B 31, 5262 (1985)]. The calculated γ for (100), (111), and (110) orientations are 0.42±0.02, 0.34±0.02, and 0.35±0.03 J m2, respectively. The anisotropy in γ we found is consistent with the experimental observation that Si(100)-melt interface develops (111) facets and also helps in explaining a higher undercooling observed for Si(111)-melt interface in Czochralski method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number221903
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number22
StatePublished - 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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