Anthropometric and athletic performance combine test results among positions within grade levels of high school-aged American football players

Todd J. Leutzinger, Zachary M. Gillen, Amelia M. Miramonti, Brianna D. McKay, Alegra I. Mendez, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate differences among player positions at 3 grade levels in elite, collegiate-prospective American football players. Participants' data (n = 7,160) were analyzed for this study (mean height [Ht] 6 SD = 178 6 7 cm, mass [Bm] = 86 ± 19 kg). Data were obtained from 12 different high school American football recruiting combines hosted by Zybek Sports (Boulder, Colorado). Eight 2-way (9 × 3) mixed factorial analysis of variances {position (defensive back [DB], defensive end, defensive lineman, linebacker, offensive lineman [OL], quarterback, running back, tight end, and wide receiver [WR]) × grade (freshmen, sophomores, and juniors)} were used to test for differences among the mean test scores for each combine measure (Ht, Bm, 40-yard [40 yd] dash, proagility [PA] drill, Lcone [LC] drill, vertical jump [VJ], and broad jump [BJ]). There were position-related differences ( p ≤ 0.05) for Ht, 40 yd dash, and BJ, within each grade level and for Bm, PA, LC, and VJ independent of grade level. Generally, the results showed that OL were the tallest, weighed the most, and exhibited the lowest performance scores among positions. Running backs were the shortest, whereas DBs and WRs weighed the least and exhibited the highest performance scores among positions. These results demonstrate the value of classifying high school-aged American football players according to their specific position rather than categorical groupings such as "line" vs. "skill" vs. "big skill" when evaluating anthropometric and athletic performance combine test results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1288-1296
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • agility
  • elite
  • height
  • mass
  • power
  • recruiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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