Anti-citrullinated protein antibody profiles predict changes in disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis initiating biologics

Nozima Aripova, Joel M. Kremer, Dimitrios A. Pappas, George Reed, Bryant R. England, Bill H. Robinson, Jeffrey R. Curtis, Geoffrey M. Thiele, Ted R. Mikuls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To determine whether an expanded antigen-specific ACPA profile predicts changes in disease activity in patients with RA initiating biologics. Methods: The study included participants from a prospective, non-randomized, observational RA cohort. For this sub-study, treatment groups of interest included biologic-naïve initiating anti-TNF, biologic-exposed initiating non-TNF, and biologic-naïve initiating abatacept. ACPAs to 25 citrullinated peptides were measured using banked enrolment serum. Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed and associations of resulting principal component (PC) scores (in quartiles) and anti-CCP3 antibody (≤15, 16-250 or >250 U/ml) with EULAR (good/moderate/none) treatment response at 6 months were examined using adjusted ordinal regression models. Results: Participants (n = 1092) had a mean age of 57 (13) years and 79% were women. At 6 months, 68.5% achieved a moderate/good EULAR response. There were three PCs that cumulatively explained 70% of variation in ACPA values. In models including the three components and anti-CCP3 antibody category, only PC1 and PC2 were associated with treatment response. The highest quartile for PC1 (odds ratio [OR] 1.76; 95% CI: 1.22, 2.53) and for PC2 (OR 1.74; 95% CI: 1.23, 2.46) were associated with treatment response after multivariable adjustment. There was no evidence of interaction between PCs and treatment group in EULAR responses (P-value for interaction >0.1). Conclusion: An expanded ACPA profile appears to be more strongly associated with biologic treatment response in RA than commercially available anti-CCP3 antibody levels. However, further enhancements to PCA will be needed to effectively prioritize between different biologics available for the treatment of RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)542-550
Number of pages9
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024


  • ACPA
  • RA
  • TNF inhibitors
  • abatacept
  • association
  • biologics
  • principal component analysis
  • treatment response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Anti-citrullinated protein antibody profiles predict changes in disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis initiating biologics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this