Anti-Claudin-1 Conjugated to a Near-Infrared Fluorophore Targets Colon Cancer in PDOX Mouse Models

Hannah M. Hollandsworth, Thinzar M. Lwin, Siamak Amirfakhri, Filemoni Filemoni, Surinder K. Batra, Robert M. Hoffman, Punita Dhawan, Michael Bouvet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Introduction: Claudins are tight-junction proteins, which maintain an epithelial barrier in normal colon cells. Overexpression of Claudin-1 has been implicated for development of colon cancer. We postulated that Claudin-1 may be a useful target in near-infrared imaging and fluorescence-guided surgery. Methods: We conjugated Claudin-1 antibody to LI-COR IR800DyeCW (Claudin-1-IRDye800CW). Western blotting of 9 human colon cancer cell lysates was performed. Animal imaging was performed with the LI-COR Pearl Trilogy Fluorescence Imaging System. A dose-response study was carried out with subcutaneous LS174T colon cancer cell line models. Increasing doses of Claudin-1-IRDye800CW via tail vein injection were administered to three groups of mice. Two groups of mice were used as controls (antibody alone, and dye alone). In vivo imaging was performed at 24, 48, and 72 h after administration of the conjugated dye. Orthotopic implantation of patient-derived tumors and cell lines was performed and peritoneal carcinomatosis models were created. After tumor growth, mice were administered Claudin-1-IRDye800CW and imaged in vivo 48 h later. The mice were euthanized and laparotomy was performed to assess internal organs and toxicity. Results: Western blotting revealed that all colon cancer cell lysates expressed varying amounts of Claudin-1. All tumors demonstrated strong and specific fluorescence labeling at 800 nm, even with the lowest dose of 12.5 μg of Claudin-1-IRDye800CW. Conclusions: Claudin-1 is a useful target for near-infrared antibody-based imaging for visualization of colorectal tumors for future use in fluorescence-guided surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Oct 2019


  • Claudin
  • Colon cancer
  • Fluorescence guided surgery
  • IRDye800CW
  • Near infrared dye

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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