The thymocyte-specific cell surface molecule CTX is a developmentally regulated type I transmembrane protein of the immunoglobulin superfamily which, in the amphibian Xenopus, is exclusively expressed by a large fraction of cortical thymocytes and by different cell lines derived from independent spontaneous thymic tumors. Antibody cross-linking of CTX in vitro inhibits the growth of tumor cells and causes morphological alterations. Cells divide abnormally, accumulate in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and become multi- nucleated. This demonstrates, for the fast time, that multinucleation can be induced by specifically cross-linking a cell surface molecule.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology