We discovered three diimidazolines with high antiplasmodial selectivity that had IC50 values of 1.9-28 nM against cultured Plasmodium falciparum. We also identified a gem-dimethyl diimidazoline with high antitrypanosomal selectivity that had an IC50 value of 26 nM against cultured Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense. Two 2-imidazoline heterocycles in a para orientation on a N-phenylbenzamide or similar core structure were required for high antiprotozoal activity. Ring expansion of the imidazoline as well as heterocyclic variants with pKa values of <7 all decreased activity significantly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases