AP measurements of short-term adaptation in normal and in acoustically traumatized ears

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45 Scopus citations

Abstract

A forward-masking paradigm was used to measure short-term adaptation in normal and in acoustically traumatized ears. AP amplitude was measured to a tone burst of fixed frequency and level while masker intensity (Lm) and duration [Tm), as well as the interval between masker offset and probe onset (Δt) were varied. Masker and probe frequency were held constant at 4 kHz. In one experiment, short-term perstimulatory adaptation was examined through the measurement of probe-elicited N1amplitude at a fixed At while both Lmand Tmwere varied. These probe response-versus-Tmfunctions were modeled exponentially, yielding time constants that did not differ between normal and exposed ears. In another series of experiments, recovery from short-term adaptation was examined by holding Tmconstant and measuring probe-response amplitude as a function of Δt. When the decrement-(amount by which the probe-elicited Nxamplitude was reduced by the masker) versus-d/ functions were fit with an exponential model that accounted for long-term effects, no differences were observed between recovery time constants from normal and traumatized ears. Finally, growth of response to the masker was estimated by examining the decrement in normalized amplitude of response to the probe as a function of Lm. Acoustically traumatized ears revealed steeper growth functions, suggesting steeper single-fiber rate-versus-level functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1310-1321
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume70
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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