We report, for the first time, the use of a 13-amino-acid peptide sequence derived from the calcium-binding site of E-cadherin in the fabrication of an electrochemical peptide-based (E-PB) Pb(II) sensor. The sensing mechanism is analogous to that of previously developed E-PB sensors. Binding of Pb(II) rigidifies the surface-immobilized and methylene blue (MB)-modified peptide probe, thereby limiting the accessibility of the tethered MB to the electrode surface. This change in probe flexibility results in a reduction in the MB current that is dependent on the target concentration. The sensor behaves as a "signal-off" sensor in alternating current voltammetry and cyclic voltammetry, but it can behave as a "signal-on" sensor in differential pulse voltammetry when a longer pulse width is employed. It is capable of specific detection of Pb(II) and is selective enough to be employed in realistically complex samples such as diluted tap water, saliva, and urine samples. The detection is fast; signal saturation can be achieved in <60 s. The sensor can also be fabricated on gold-plated screen-printed carbon electrodes, electrode substrates that are ideal for cost-effective analysis of Pb(II) in real-world settings.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry