Applications of Hybrid Manufacturing during COVID-19 Pandemic: Pathway to Convergent Manufacturing

Salil Bapat, Michael P. Sealy, Kamlakar P. Rajurkar, Tom Houle, Kimberly Sablon, Ajay P. Malshe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This paper presents the advancements in manufacturing science and the engineering learned because of the global emergencies resulting from pandemics. Established manufacturing processes strained to the limit delivering parts and services during the pandemic in industrialized as well as industrializing nations. These limitations call for manufacturing by integrating or hybridizing multiple processes and sometimes materials. This paper illustrates value propositions resulting from hybrid manufacturing by using pertinent case studies of a ventilator filter housing and an injection molding tool. This paper concludes by making a case for convergence of heterogenous materials, processes, and systems in a unified platform allowing adaptability, agility, and flexibility in manufacturing geared toward offering resilience in similar future global catastrophes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-22
Number of pages11
JournalSmart and Sustainable Manufacturing Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 12 2022


  • Convergence
  • Hybrid manufacturing
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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