Approaches to studying injury-induced sensitization and the potential role of an endocannabinoid transmitter

Megan M. Jorgensen, Brian D. Burrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Endocannabinoids are traditionally thought to have an analgesic effect. However, it has been shown that while endocannabinoids can depress nociceptive signaling, they can also enhance non-nociceptive signaling. Therefore, endocannabinoids have the potential to contribute to non-nociceptive sensitization after an injury. Using Hirudo verbana (the medicinal leech), a model of injury-induced sensitization was developed in which a reproducible piercing injury was delivered to the posterior sucker of Hirudo. Injury-induced changes in the non-nociceptive threshold of Hirudo were determined through testing with Von Frey filaments and changes in the response to nociceptive stimuli were tested by measuring the latency to withdraw to a nociceptive thermal stimulus (Hargreaves apparatus). To test the potential role of endocannabinoids in mediating injury-induced sensitization, animals were injected with tetrahydrolipstatin (THL), which inhibits synthesis of the endocannabinoid transmitter 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG). Following injury, a significant decrease in the non-nociceptive response threshold (consistent with non-nociceptive sensitization) and a significant decrease in the response latency to nociceptive stimulation (consistent with nociceptive sensitization) were observed. In animals injected with THL, a decrease in non-nociceptive sensitization in injured animals was observed, but no effect on nociceptive sensitization was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-323
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology
Volume208
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endocannabinoid
  • Hirudo
  • Leech
  • Nociception
  • Sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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