Appropriate patient selection facilitates safe discharge from the PACU after laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: an analysis of the AHSQC database

Ivy N. Haskins, Khashayar Vaziri, Li Ching Huang, Sharon E. Phillips, Timothy M. Farrell, Arielle J. Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The postoperative management of patients undergoing laparoscopic ventral hernia repair (VHR) remains relatively unknown. The purpose of our study was to determine if patient and hernia-specific factors could be used to predict the likelihood of hospital admission following laparoscopic VHR using the Americas Hernia Society Quality Collaborative (AHSQC) database. Methods: All patients who underwent elective, laparoscopic VHR with mesh placement from October 2015 through April 2019 were identified within the AHSQC database. Patients without clean wounds, those with chronic liver disease, and those without 30-day follow-up data were excluded from our analysis. Patient and hernia-specific variables were compared between patients who were discharged from the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU) and patients who required hospital admission. Comparisons were also made between the two groups with respect to 30-day morbidity and mortality events. Results: A total of 1609 patients met inclusion criteria; 901 (56%) patients were discharged from the PACU. The proportion of patients discharged from the PACU increased with each subsequent year. Several patient comorbidities and hernia-specific factors were found to be associated with postoperative hospital admission, including older age, repair of a recurrent hernia, a larger hernia width, longer operative time, drain placement, and use of mechanical bowel preparation. Patients who required hospital admission were more likely than those discharged from the PACU to be readmitted to the hospital within 30 days (4% vs. 2%, respectively) and to experience a 30-day morbidity event (18% vs. 8%, respectively). Conclusions: Patient- and hernia-specific factors can be used to identify patients who can be safely discharged from the PACU following laparoscopic VHR. Additional studies are needed to determine if appropriate patient selection for discharge from the PACU leads to decreased healthcare costs for laparoscopic VHR over the long-term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgical endoscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Healthcare costs
  • Hospital admission
  • Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair
  • Length of stay
  • PACU
  • Value-based care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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