Aquatic ecosystems in a newly formed ecospace: Early Pliocene lakes in the Central Andean Altiplano

M. I. Vélez, C. Jaramillo, A. Salazar-Ríos, X. Benito, S. Fritz, P. Tapia, D. Lubiniecki, N. Kar, J. Escobar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Uplift of the Altiplano in the Central Andes of South America had profound effects on land, oceans and atmosphere. Very little, however, is known about the ecosystems that developed on the ecospaces first formed once the Altiplano reached its present high altitude. We present a micropaleontological (diatoms and ostracods) and stratigraphic analysis of Pliocene Member C of the El Descanso Formation that outcrops near the town of Yaurí Perú. Lithofacies analysis indicates that fluvial conditions were eventually replaced by several lacustrine and marsh environments. Diatom and ostracod assemblages indicate that these bodies of water were alkaline, slightly saline and shallow. Lacustrine conditions were favoured by a change in the tectonic regime from compressional to tensional, which led to formation of small isolated basins, and by wet conditions. We hypothesize that a stronger and/or longer rainy season prevailed during that time in the Altiplano, possibly as a consequence of an intensified South American Summer Monsoon, driven by a warmer atmosphere, imposed by high concentrations of atmospheric CO2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-226
Number of pages9
JournalPalaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology
Volume490
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2018

Keywords

  • Basins
  • Cerro Púcara
  • Hinterland
  • Orogeny
  • Piggyback
  • Pseudostaurosira zeilleri
  • Warmer atmosphere
  • Yaurí

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

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