Cardiovascular reflexes that are mediated by receptors in the heart and blood vessels control a variety of important hemodynamic and humoral functions. The action of these receptors can be shown to be abnormal in several pathologic states. Left arterial receptors exhibit a depressed discharge sensitivity in dogs with chronic congestive heart failure caused by an aortocaval fistula. The reflex effects of atrial receptor stimulation are also depressed in heart failure. Left ventricular receptor stimulation has been implicated in the abnormal vascular responses to exercise in patients with aortic stenosis. The arterial baroreflex control of heart rate is abnormal in animals and humans with various forms of hypertension. Arterial baroreceptors from hypertensive animals show a resetting of their pressure-discharge curve to higher pressures. The arterial baroreflex is also depressed in chronic heart failure. This effect may result from an abnormality of the efferent limb of the reflex arc or from changes in the interaction between baroreceptors and cardiac receptors centrally. A final possibility may be abnormal arterial baroreceptor discharge characteristics in heart failure.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - 1985|
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