OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that aspirin (ASA) might alter the beneficial effect of beta-blockers on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with chronic heart failure. BACKGROUND: Aspirin blunts the vasodilation caused by both angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and beta-blockers in hypertensive patients and in patients with heart failure. Several studies suggest that ASA also blunts some of beneficial effects of ACE inhibitors on mortality in patients with heart failure. To our knowledge, there have been no data evaluating the possible interaction of ASA and beta-blockers on left ventricular remodeling in patients with heart failure. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients entered into the Multicenter Oral Carvedilol Heart failure Assessment (MOCHA) trial, a 6-month, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multicenter, dose-response evaluation of carvedilol in patients with chronic stable symptomatic heart failure. Multivariate analysis was performed to determine if aspirin independently influenced the improvement in LVEF. RESULTS: Over all randomized patients (n = 293), LVEF improved 8.2 ± 0.8 ejection fraction (EF) units in ASA nonusers and 4.5 ± 0.7 EF units in ASA users (p = 0.005). In subjects randomized to treatment with carvedilol (n = 231), LVEF improved 9.5 ± 0.9 EF units in ASA nonusers and 5.8 ± 0.8 EF units in ASA users (p = 0.02). In subjects randomized to treatment with placebo (n = 62), LVEF improved 2.8 ± 1.2 EF units in ASA nonusers and 0.5 ± 1.4 EF units in ASA users (p = 0.20). Aspirin did not significantly affect the heart rate or systolic blood pressure response in either the placebo or carvedilol groups. The effect of ASA became more significant on multivariate analysis. The change in LVEF was also influenced by carvedilol dose, etiology of heart failure, baseline heart rate, EF and coumadin use. The detrimental effect of ASA on the improvement in LVEF was dose-related and was present in both placebo and carvedilol groups, although the effect was statistically significant only in the much larger carvedilol group. CONCLUSIONS: Aspirin significantly affects the changes in LVEF over time in patients with heart failure and systolic dysfunction treated with carvedilol. The specific mechanism(s) underlying this interaction are unknown and further studies are needed to provide additional understanding of the molecular basis of factors influencing reverse remodeling in patients with heart failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine