Abstract

Objective: To review cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk assessment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: Literature review of the assessment of CVD risk in RA. Results: CVD is the leading cause of death among RA patients. Because of the increased risk of CVD events and CVD mortality in patients with RA, regular assessment of CVD risk and aggressive management of CVD risk in these patients is crucial. CVD risk estimation typically centers on the use of well-established CVD risk calculators. Most CVD risk scores from the general population do not contain RA-related factors predictive of CVD but have had more extensive performance testing, while novel RA-derived CVD risk scores that incorporate RA-related factors have had limited external validity testing. Neither set of risk scores incorporates novel imaging modalities or serum biomarkers, which are most likely to be helpful among individuals at intermediate risk. Conclusion: Primary care and rheumatology providers must be aware of the increased risk of CVD in RA, a risk that approaches that of diabetic patients. Routine assessment of CVD risk is an essential first step in minimizing CVD risk in this population. Until the performance of RA-specific CVD risk scores can be better established, we recommend the use of nationally endorsed CVD risk scores, with the frequency of reassessment based on CVD risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Outcomes Management
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular risk assessment
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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