Assessment of gas dispersion near an operating landfill treated by different intermediate covers with soil alone, low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), or ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) geomembrane

Yuan Feng, Jongwan Eun, Sunah Moon, Yunwoo Nam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study evaluated the impact area of odiferous gas (i.e., H2S) dispersion near an operating landfill installed with three different intermediate covers, including soil alone, linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), or ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH) geomembrane (GM). By using the finite element method employing Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes and Fick’s Law coupled equations, the performance of the different cover cases for reducing odor dispersion was comparatively evaluated considering environmental factors, including topographic, meteorology, and gas emission. The odor dispersion patterns and the size of affected residents were analyzed for the twelve different scenarios varied with the cover type and seasonal variation. According to the results, it was found that the wind speed affected the time of odor dispersions more with the relatively flat terrain conditions around the landfill but barely affected the size of the dispersion area. Moreover, it was found that the higher concentration (100 ppb) of odor gas is mainly located within a 5.0-km distance from the landfill. Among four seasons, the odor covers the largest area in summer, which is mainly due to the landfill producing more odor gas and giving a higher source concentration in summer. The gas dispersion simulation for different covers showed that the type of covering layer significantly affects the impact area boundary of gas odor. The results showed that the odor area of the LLDPE GM cover case is 1.3% of soil alone case, and the case of EVOH GM is 14.5% of LLDPE GM case. At the same time, the number of residents that may be affected by the odor of the LLDPE GM case and EVOH GM case is 4.81% and 0.63% of soil alone case, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9672-9687
Number of pages16
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cover
  • Dispersion modeling
  • Ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH)
  • Geomembrane
  • HS
  • Intermediate cover
  • Landfill gas
  • Odor dispersion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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