Assessment of vitreous haze using ultra-wide field retinal imaging

Drew Dickson, Aniruddha Agarwal, Mohammad Ali Sadiq, Muhammad Hassan, Robin High, Quan Dong Nguyen, Yasir J. Sepah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Conventional fundus imaging has been used to assess vitreous haze (VH) in patients with uveitis. Ultra-wide field (UWF) retinal imaging that uses scanning laser technology has not been evaluated for the detection of VH. This pilot study evaluates the ability of UWF imaging in detecting VH. Patients with intermediate, posterior, or panuveitis were examined to assess the level of VH using slit-lamp biomicroscopy. Colored fundus images were acquired using a Carl Zeiss FF450 camera. The same photographer obtained fundus images of the same eyes during the same visit by Optos UWF P200Tx retinal camera. Two graders independently analyzed UWF fundus images for presence or absence of VH, without quantifying the degree of VH using any scale. The images were analyzed using the composite red plus red-free wavelengths utilized by the Optos UWF camera and by using each wavelength exclusively. These findings were compared to clinical detection of VH and detection of VH using conventional fundus photography. Results: Ninety-two eyes were included in the study. For composite UWF images, sensitivity was 0.27, specificity was 0.88, PPV was 0.31, NPV was 0.86, positive LR was 2.25, and negative LR was 0.83. For the conventional Zeiss images, sensitivity was 0.5, specificity was 0.84, PPV was 0.33, NPV was 0.91, positive LR was 3.13, and negative LR was 0.6. Agreement between the composite UWF and Zeiss techniques was substantial with k = 0.64. Inter-observer agreement for composite UWF images was also substantial with k = 0.65. Inter-observer agreement for Zeiss images was moderate with k = 0.471. Intra-observer agreement for both imaging modalities was substantial with a composite UWF k = 0.76 and Zeiss k = 0.7. Conclusions: UWF fundus imaging using scanning laser technique may be used to assess VH and employed in the management of intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalJournal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Fundus imaging
  • Scanning laser ophthalmoscopy
  • Ultra-wide field
  • Uveitis
  • Vitreous haze

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Infectious Diseases

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