Association between Resting Global Longitudinal Strain and Clinical Outcome of Patients Undergoing Stress Echocardiography

Nicola Gaibazzi, Valentina Lorenzoni, Domenico Tuttolomondo, Andrea Botti, Fabrizio De Rosa, Thomas R. Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Background: Reduced global longitudinal strain (GLS) of the left ventricle is associated with adverse prognosis in healthy subjects and in different cardiovascular conditions. Resting GLS may enable risk assessment independently from stress echocardiography (SE). We assessed whether there is an association of GLS measured at rest before SE with long-term outcome, independent of clinical parameters or reversible wall motion abnormalities and Doppler coronary flow velocity reserve. Methods: Five hundred thirty patients who underwent SE for ischemia evaluation between 2010 and 2012 and who had rest images available were selected. Resting GLS was measured off-line (absolute value <15% was considered abnormal). Cox models were used to examine the association between clinical variables, ejection fraction, SE variables, and resting GLS with mortality and cardiac events (cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction). The independent prognostic value of GLS over known rest and stress variables was assessed. Results: Over a median follow-up of 7.5 years, 137 patients died from any cause and 50 had a nonfatal myocardial infarction. Patients with resting GLS <15% had significantly lower event-free survival (log-rank P <.0001). Resting GLS was significantly associated with risk of all-cause death and hard cardiac events, after adjustment for clinical risk factors, reversible wall motion abnormalities, and coronary flow velocity reserve. Adding resting GLS into a model with clinical, rest, and stress imaging variables significantly increased the model C index (P =.031). Conclusions: In a large cohort of patients with suspected coronary artery disease referred for SE, resting GLS <15% was independently associated with mortality and hard cardiac events, incremental to SE data. Model discrimination including resting GLS measurement was comparable to discrimination including SE results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1018-1027.e6
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Chronic coronary syndrome
  • Global longitudinal strain
  • Mortality
  • Outcome
  • Stress echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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