Abstract

Background: Evidence-based guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D) consist of blood glucose monitoring, medication adherence, and lifestyle modifications that may particularly benefit from reminders, consultation, education, and behavioral reinforcements through remote patient monitoring (RPM). Objectives: To identify predictors of weight loss and to examine the association between weight loss and hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) outcomes for T2D patients who were enrolled in an RPM program for diabetes management. Materials and Methods: The study applied logistic and ordinary least-squares regression models to examine the relationship between baseline characteristics and the likelihood of weight loss during the RPM, and how the magnitude of weight loss was related to changes in HbA1C outcomes for 1,103 T2D patients who went through 3 months of RPM from 2014 to 2017. Results: Older patients were 3% more likely to have weight loss (odds ratio [OR], 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02-1.05), whereas patients with higher baseline HbA1C had 9% reduced odds (OR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.85-0.97) of experiencing weight loss. For every pound of weight lost, there was a 0.02-point (95% CI, 0.01-0.03) reduction on the HbA1C measured at the end of the RPM. Moreover, compared with those who had weight loss of ≤3%, participants who had lost 5-7%, or >7% of their baseline weight had a 0.37- and 0.58-point reduction in HbA1C, respectively. Conclusions: This study revealed a notable relationship between weight loss and positive HbA1C outcomes for T2D patients in an RPM-facilitated diabetes management program, which pointed to the potential of integrating evidence-based lifestyle modification programs into future telemedicine programs to improve diabetes management outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-628
Number of pages8
JournalTelemedicine and e-Health
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • diabetes
  • e-health
  • home monitoring
  • telehealth
  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

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