Association of rheumatoid arthritis treatment response and disease duration with declines in serum levels of IgM rheumatoid factor and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody

T. R. Mikuls, J. R. O'Dell, J. A. Stoner, L. A. Parrish, W. P. Arend, J. M. Norris, V. M. Holers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To examine the association of treatment response and disease duration with changes in rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibody levels among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods. The study sample included 66 RA patients who completed double-blind, randomized clinical protocols and for whom baseline and followup serum samples were available. Anti-CCP and RF levels were measured using commercially available assay kits. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to describe the association of response and disease duration with declines in antibody levels. Results. Patients had a mean ± SD age of 49.9 ± 12.0 years and were predominantly female (n = 51; 77%). The mean ± SD duration between the times at which the baseline and followup serum samples were obtained was 13.7 ± 8.6 months. Among the 64 subjects will positive antibody at baseline, 33 (52%) experienced a ≥25% reduction in the anti-CCP antibody level during the course of treatment, and 35 patients (55%) had a ≥25% reduction in RF. After adjustment for the baseline anti-CCP antibody level, only a shorter disease duration (≤12 months) was significantly associated with a decline in the level of anti-CCP antibody (OR 3.0, 95% CI 1.0-8.8), and no association with treatment response was observed. Conversely, treatment response was the only significant determinant of a decrease in MF levels (OR 3.6, 95% CI 1.2-10.4). Conclusion. Shorter disease duration predicts greater declines in anti-CCP antibody levels with treatment in RA. Although treatment response is a robust determinant of a decrease in RF, it does not appear to be associated with declines in the anti-CCP antibody level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3776-3782
Number of pages7
JournalArthritis and rheumatism
Volume50
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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