Associations between periodontitis and serum anti-malondialdehyde–acetaldehyde antibody concentrations in rheumatoid arthritis: A case-control study

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Abstract

Background: Malondialdehyde–acetaldehyde (MAA) adducts lead to generation of anti-MAA autoantibodies and have been independently identified in inflamed periodontal and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) tissues. This study evaluates serum samples from RA cases and osteoarthritis (OA) controls to quantify associations between periodontal clinical measures, alveolar bone loss (ABL), and anti-Porphyromonas gingivalis, anti-Prevotella intermedia, and anti-Fusobacterium nucleatum antibody concentrations with anti-MAA antibody concentrations. Methods: Participants (n = 284 RA cases, n = 330 OA controls) underwent periodontal clinical assessments and ABL measurements. Serum immunoglobulin (Ig) A, IgG, and IgM anti-MAA and serum IgG antibacterial antibody concentrations were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Analyses utilized simple linear regression and multivariable adjusted models. Results: No significant associations of periodontal clinical measures with serum anti-MAA were found. Moderate (p = 0.038 and p = 0.036, respectively) and high ABL (p = 0.012 and p = 0.014, respectively) in RA cases (but not in OA) were positively associated with IgG and IgM anti-MAA. Anti-P. gingivalis and anti-P. intermedia antibody concentrations were positively associated with IgA (p = 0.001 for both), IgG (p = 0.007 and p = 0.034, respectively), and IgM anti-MAA antibody concentrations (p < 0.001 and p = 0.020, respectively), while anti-F. nucleatum was positively associated with IgG anti-MAA (p = 0.042), findings that were similar across groups. Conclusions: A positive association was demonstrated between ABL and serum IgG and IgM anti-MAA antibody concentrations that was unique to RA and not observed in OA. Serum anti-P. gingivalis, anti-P. intermedia, and anti-F. nucleatum antibody concentrations displayed significant associations with anti-MAA antibody in both groups. These findings suggest MAA may play a role in the interrelationship between the periodontium and RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of periodontology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • alveolar bone loss
  • oxidative stress
  • periodontitis
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis
  • Prevotella intermedia
  • rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics

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