Associations between the chemokine biomarker CCL2 and knee osteoarthritis outcomes: the Johnston County Osteoarthritis Project

L. Longobardi, J. M. Jordan, X. A. Shi, J. B. Renner, T. A. Schwartz, A. E. Nelson, D. A. Barrow, V. B. Kraus, A. Spagnoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objective: Our study analyzes the association between chemokine-ligand-2 (CCL2) serum concentrations at baseline and knee radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) (knee-rOA), knee-rOA progression, individual radiographic features and knee symptomatic OA at 5-year follow-up. Design: OA outcomes were analyzed in a community-based cohort including a baseline enrollment and a 5-year follow-up. Baseline CCL2 serum concentrations were assessed by multiplex assay and associated with presence or progression of individual radiographic features at 5-year follow-up. Separate multiple logistic regression models were used to examine adjusted associations between baseline CCL2 and each of the knee OA variables at follow-up. CCL2 at baseline was modeled as an explanatory variable, whereas each of the knee OA variables at follow-up served as the response variables. Models were adjusted for age, BMI, race, and sex. Trend tests were conducted to assess any linear effect on outcomes across CCL2 tertiles. Results: Participants (n = 168) had a median age of 57-years and median BMI of 29 kg/m2. About 63% of all participants were women, and 58% Caucasian (42% African American). In adjusted logistic models, continuous log-CCL2 was significantly associated with knee-rOA. For each unit increase in log CCL2, the odds of having knee-rOA at follow-up was increased by 72%. CCL2 tertiles showed significant linear associations with presence and progression of knee-rOA and medial joint space narrowing (JSN), but not with presence or progression of osteophytes, bone sclerosis, knee symptoms, or symptomatic knee-rOA. Conclusions: Serum CCL2 may help to elucidate some mechanisms of joint destruction and identify individuals with higher odds of structural knee changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1261
Number of pages5
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Biomarkers
  • Chemokines
  • Osteoarthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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