At-risk driving behavior in drivers with diabetes: A neuroergonomics approach

Jennifer Merickel, Robin High, Lynette Smith, Chris Wichman, Emily Frankel, Kaitlin Smits, Andjela Drincic, Cyrus Desouza, Pujitha Gunaratne, Kazutoshi Ebe, Matthew Rizzo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This pilot study tackles the overarching need for driver-state detection through real-world measurements of driver behavior and physiology in at-risk drivers with type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM). 35 drivers (19 DM, 14 comparison) participated. Real-time glucose levels were measured over four weeks with continuous glucose monitor (CGM) wearable sensors. Contemporaneous real-world driving performance and behavior were measured with in-vehicle video and electronic sensor instrumentation packages. Results showed clear links between at-risk glucose levels (particularly hypoglycemia) and changes in driver performance and behavior. DM participants often drove during at-risk glucose levels (low and high) and showed cognitive impairments in key domains for driving, which are likely linked to frequent hypoglycemia. The finding of increased driving risk in DM participants was mirrored in state records of crashes and traffic citations. Combining sensor data and phenotypes of driver behavior can inform patients, caregivers, safety interventions, policy, and design of supportive in-vehicle technology that is responsive to driver state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
PublisherHuman Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.
Pages1881-1885
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780945289531
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 9 2017Oct 13 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Volume2017-October
ISSN (Print)1071-1813

Other

OtherHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period10/9/1710/13/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics

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  • Cite this

    Merickel, J., High, R., Smith, L., Wichman, C., Frankel, E., Smits, K., Drincic, A., Desouza, C., Gunaratne, P., Ebe, K., & Rizzo, M. (2017). At-risk driving behavior in drivers with diabetes: A neuroergonomics approach. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2017 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2017 (pp. 1881-1885). (Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society; Vol. 2017-October). Human Factors an Ergonomics Society Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931213601950