Atomic force microscopy (AFM) study on potassium hexatitanate whisker (K2O·6TiO2)

Jingwei Xie, Xiaohua Lu, Yu Zhu, Chang Liu, Ningzhong Bao, Xin Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Since potassium hexatitanate whisker is often used for the filler of composites or as a catalyst, its surface is very important. In this paper the surface morphology and structure of potassium hexatitanate fiber has been observed by AFM. The potassium hexatitanate fiber shows that its surface has different "lamellas". In addition, we obtained the temperature dependence of the linear expansive ratios along a, b, c 3 directions of the cell by molecular dynamics simulation. The simulation result shows that the linear expansive ratios along the 3 directions are almost the same. Therefore, the periodical surface structure is not generated by the shrinkage along 3 directions in the cooling process of the K2O·6TiO2 whisker preparation. The surface structure is believed to be related to the mechanism of crystal growth of the K2O·6TiO2 whisker and is consistant with the "liquid melt inducing" model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3641-3646
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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