Twenty-three successive patients with 27 different episodes of sustained atrial flutter were treated with atrial pacing for conversion of the tachyarrhythmia; 15 patients with 16 episodes of atrial flutter underwent intracardiac right atrial pacing and eight patients with 11 episodes of atrial flutter were treated with transesophageal atrial pacing. Ten of sixteen episodes (63%) and eight of 11 episodes (73%) were successfully converted using intracardiac and transesophageal techniques, respectively. Mean flutter cycle length for all 27 episodes was 219 ms (mean heart rate 274 beats per minute); successful pacing conversion cycle length (n = 15) was 72% of the flutter cycle length. Hemodynamic, electrophysiologic, and roentgenographic data were not predictive of conversion by either technique. Induction of localized atrial fibrillation or failure to meet critical pacing criteria may explain pacing failures. Based on this experience, a trial of transesophageal atrial pacing for acute conversion of any episode of atrial flutter in children prior to direct current cardioversion is recommended.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health