Attentional responses on an auditory oddball predict false memory susceptibility

John E. Kiat, Dianna Long, Robert F. Belli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attention and memory are highly integrated processes. Building on prior behavioral investigations, this study assesses the link between individual differences in low-level neural attentional responding and false memory susceptibility on the misinformation effect, a paradigm in which false event memories are induced via misleading post-event information. Twenty-four subjects completed the misinformation effect paradigm after which high-density (256-channel) EEG data was collected as they engaged in an auditory oddball task. Temporal-spatial decomposition was used to extract two attention-related components from the oddball data, the P3b and Classic Slow Wave. The P3b was utilized as an index of individual differences in salient target attentional responding while the slow wave was adopted as an index of variability in task-level sustained attention. Analyses of these components show a significant negative relationship between slow-wave responses to oddball non-targets and perceptual false memory endorsements, suggestive of a link between individual differences in levels of sustained attention and false memory susceptibility. These findings provide the first demonstrated link between individual differences in basic attentional responses and false memory. These results support prior behavioral work linking attention and false memory and highlight the integration between attentional processes and real-world episodic memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1000-1014
Number of pages15
JournalCognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Electroencephalography
  • Episodic memory
  • False memory
  • Oddball
  • P300

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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