Auditory discrimination: The relationship between psychophysical and electrophysiological measures

Shuman He, John H. Grose, Craig A. Buchman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to (1) investigate the relationship between the acoustic change complex (ACC) and perceptual measures of frequency and intensity discrimination, and gap detection; and (2) examine the effects of acoustic change on the amplitudes and latencies of the ACC. Design: Psychophysical thresholds for frequency and intensity discrimination and gap detection, as well as ACCs elicited by stimuli containing increments in frequency, or intensity or gaps, were recorded from the same group of subjects. The magnitude of the acoustic change was systematically varied for the ACC recording. Study sample: Twenty-six adults with normal hearing, ranging in age between 19 and 39 years. Results: Electrophysiological and psychophysical measures for frequency and intensity discrimination were significantly correlated. Electrophysiological thresholds were comparable to psychophysical thresholds for intensity discrimination but were higher than psychophysical thresholds for gap detection and frequency discrimination. Increasing the magnitude of acoustic change increased the ACC amplitude but did not show consistent effects across acoustic dimensions for ACC latency. Conclusions: The ACC can be used as an objective index of auditory discrimination in frequency and intensity. The ACC amplitude is a better indicator for auditory processing than the ACC latency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)771-782
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Audiology
Volume51
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

Keywords

  • Auditory discrimination
  • Auditory event-related response
  • Auditory evoked potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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