Automated determination of antibody oxidation using flow injection analysis

Carrie A.C. Wolfe, David S. Hage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The oxidation of antibody carbohydrate residues is a common approach used for site-specific antibody immobilization or modification. In this study a flow injection analysis system (FIA) was developed for monitoring antibody oxidation. Antibodies were oxidized with periodate and the resulting aldehyde groups were labeled with Lucifer yellow CH (LyCH). The labeled antibodies were then injected onto an FIA system where the amount of LyCH label was determined by absorbance measurements at 428 nm and the amount of antibody was determined using an on-line bicinchoninic acid protein assay. The analysis time was 2 min per 20 μl sample injection. The limits of detection for rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG) and LyCH were 1 × 10-8 and 4 × 10-7 M, respectively. The dynamic ranges for IgG and LyCH extended to 2 × 10-5 and 7 × 10-3 M. The within-run precision was ±5% or less for both analytes. Studies with known LyCH/antibody mixtures indicated that the FIA system had greater accuracy than manual methods at high LyCH levels. One specific application studied for this system was its use in monitoring the time course of periodate-antibody oxidation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 15 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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