Automatic Building Detection From High-Resolution Satellite Images Based on Morphology and Internal Gray Variance

D. Chaudhuri, N. K. Kushwaha, A. Samal, R. C. Agarwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations


Automatic building extraction remains an open research topic in digital photogrammetry and remote sensing. While many algorithms have been proposed for building extraction, none of them solve the problem completely. This is even a greater challenge in urban areas, due to high-object density and scene complexity. Standard approaches do not achieve satisfactory performance, especially with high-resolution satellite images. This paper presents a novel framework for reliable and accurate building extraction from high-resolution panchromatic images. Proposed framework exploits the domain knowledge (spatial and spectral properties) about the nature of objects in the scene, their optical interactions and their impact on the resulting image. The steps in the approach consist of 1) directional morphological enhancement; 2) multiseed-based clustering technique using internal gray variance (IGV); 3) shadow detection; 4) false alarm reduction using positional information of both building edge and shadow; and 5) adaptive threshold based segmentation technique. We have evaluated the algorithm using a variety of images from IKONOS and QuickBird satellites. The results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is both accurate and efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7122242
Pages (from-to)1767-1779
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2016


  • Index Terms-Building detection
  • clustering
  • enhancement
  • feature extraction
  • high resolution
  • morphology
  • remote sensing
  • segmentation
  • thinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Automatic Building Detection From High-Resolution Satellite Images Based on Morphology and Internal Gray Variance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this