Availability of Healthy Food: Does Block Group Race and Income Matter?

Clarice N. Chau, Jamie M. Zoellner, Jennie L. Hill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Grounded in community-based participatory research, this study assesses the food environment in a health-disparate city and determines whether differences exist in healthy food availability by block group race and income. Sixty stores and 124 restaurants were systematically audited using the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey (NEMS). The findings show low availability of healthy food options in low-income and predominately black block groups. Middle- to high-income white block groups had the highest availabilities of healthy items. Results will be disseminated through a community-academic partnership to prioritize future action.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-38
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • built environment assessment
  • community-based participatory research
  • health status disparities
  • retail food environment
  • rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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