The generation of oxygen reduction products by Neisseria gonorrhoeae FA1090 upon exposure to streptonigrin (SNG) and paraquat (PQ2+) and their toxicity was examined. N. gonorrhoeae exhibited maximal cyanide-insensitive respiration, which was employed as an indicator of superoxide (O2-) formation, in the presence of 0.064 mM streptonigrin and 90 mM PQ2+, respectively. Using the concentration of SNG and PQ2+ described above, complete lethality (>108 cells/ml) was observed among cells exposed to SNG, whereas PQ2+ reduced viability by only 3 logs. In an attempt to determine the oxygen radical species generated by gonococci when exposed to SNG, dimethyl sulfoxide, Fe3+, KCN, and the spin trap 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO), we were able to detect .OH manifested as the methyl adduct (DMPO-CH3). The production of the latter species was not inhibited by catalase, suggesting intracellular .OH generation. When PQ2+ was substituted for SNG, only low levels of DMPO-CH3 were observed, the production of which ceased within 8 min. SNG and PQ2+, added to a O2--generating system in the presence of Fe3+, promoted increased .OH generation. The iron chelator diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid enhanced the generation of spin-trapped .OH and O2- in the presence of PQ2+. The addition of catalase to this system, however, eliminated the DMPO-CH3 signal, showing that the .OH in this system was extracellular. PQ2+-mediated generation of extracellular .OH in the presence of Fe3+-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid EDTA did not enhance the killing of gonococci by PQ2+. These data show that the lethality of SNG relative to PQ2+ is due to the inherent ability of SNG to catalyze the formation of critical levels of intracellular .OH, detectable through the use of spin trapping techniques.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology