Band-structure and correlation effects in the Co(111) planes of CoO

Ralph Skomski, Xiaohui Wei, D. J. Sellmyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The origin of the striking magnetic anisotropy of cobaltous oxide (CoO) is investigated by model calculations. A key feature of the electronic structure of the antiferromagnetic compound is the accommodation of Co 3d electrons in the (111) Co planes, with parallel and antiparallel intra- and interplane spin orientations and reminiscent of Cu 3d electrons in the Cu O2 planes in high-temperature superconductors. The strong correlations of the Co 3d electrons lead to a picture intermediate between traditional crystal-field and itinerant-electron descriptions of the magnetic anisotropy. Using a simple configuration-interaction approach, we analyze the effect of 3 d8 -3 d6 bonds and their interplay with 3 d7 -3 d7 configurations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number07C908
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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