Basic equations and computing procedures for frailty modeling of carcinogenesis: Application to pancreatic cancer data

Tengiz Mdzinarishvili, Simon Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Modeling of cancer hazards at age t deals with a dichotomous population, a small part of which (the fraction at risk) will get cancer, while the other part will not. Therefore, we conditioned the hazard function, h(t), the probability density function (pdf), f(t), and the survival function, S(t), on frailty α in individuals. Assuming α has the Bernoulli distribution, we obtained equations relating the unconditional (population level) hazard function, hU(t), cumulative hazard function, HU(t), and overall cumulative hazard, H0, with the h(t), f(t), and S(t) for individuals from the fraction at risk. Computing procedures for estimating h(t), f(t), and S(t) were developed and used to fit the pancreatic cancer data collected by SEER9 registries from 1975 through 2004 with the Weibull pdf suggested by the Armitage-Doll model. The parameters of the obtained excellent fit suggest that age of pancreatic cancer presentation has a time shift about 17 years and five mutations are needed for pancreatic cells to become malignant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-81
Number of pages15
JournalCancer Informatics
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Cancer hazard
  • Cancer incidence
  • Frailty
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Weibull distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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