Behavioral and emotional strength-based assessment of Finnish elementary students: Psychometrics of the BERS-2

Erkko Tapio Sointu, Hannu Savolainen, Matthew C. Lambert, Kristiina Lappalainen, Michael H. Epstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


When rating scales are used in different countries, thorough investigation of the psychometric properties is needed. We examined the internal structure of the Finnish translated Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale-2 (BERS-2) using Rasch and confirmatory factor analysis approaches with a sample of youth, parents, and teachers. The results suggested that the Finnish translated BERS-2 has acceptable measurement properties and is suitable for use in Finnish schools. Results highlighted the issue that there is a need to consider cross-cultural aspects when introducing new measures in another culture. Directions for future research are also discussed in light of present findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychology of Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2014



  • Confirmatory factor analysis
  • Multiple informants
  • Psychometrics
  • Rasch modeling
  • Strength-based assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this