Bioanalytical method development and validation of moxidectin in plasma by LC–MS/MS: Application to in vitro metabolism

Yashpal S. Chhonker, Richard L. Sleightholm, Daryl J. Murry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Moxidectin (MOX) has recently been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of river blindness in select populations. It is also being evaluated as an alternative for the use of ivermectin, widespread resistance to which is becoming a global health issue. Moreover, MOX is becoming increasingly used as a prophylactic antiparasitic in the cattle industry. In this study, we developed and validated an LC–MS/MS method of MOX in human, monkey and mouse plasma. The separation was achieved on an ACE C18 (50 × 3.0 mm, 3 μm) column with isocratic elution using 0.1% acetic acid and methanol–acetonitrile (1:1, v/v) as mobile phase. MOX was quantitated using MS/MS with an electrospray ionization source operating in negative multiple reaction monitoring mode. The multiple reaction monitoring precursor ion → product ion transitions for MOX and abamectin (IS) were m/z 638.40 → 236.30 and m/z 871.50 → 565.35 respectively. The MS/MS response was linear over the concentration range 0.1–1000 ng/mL in plasma with a correlation coefficient (r2) of 0.997 or better. The within- and between-day precision (relative standard deviation, RSD) and accuracy were within the acceptable limits per US Food and Drug Administration guidelines. The method was successfully applied to an in vitro metabolic stability study of MOX.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere4389
JournalBiomedical Chromatography
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2019


  • LC–MS/MS
  • in-vitro metabolism
  • moxidectin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry


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