Biodiesel Basics

R. Kaur, S. K. Yellapu, Bharti Bhadana, L. R. Kumar, R. D. Tyagi, Rao Y. Surampalli, Tian C. Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The produced biodiesel is tested to determine fuel characteristics based on ASTM and European Union (EN) Biodiesel Fuel Quality Assurance Standard Tests. Biodiesel produced from various methods should be in its limits. The biodiesel and other biorefinery products such as bioethanol have similar characteristics like petroleum diesel. The performance and emission features of compression ignition engines depend on the inner nozzle flow and spray performance. Because of differences in the physical properties of biodiesel and petro-diesel, the inner nozzle flow and spray structure are expected to be significantly altered and consequently the performance and emission features of the diesel engine. One of the major technical advantages of biodiesel over petro-diesel is lubricity. Biodiesel fuel composition varies depending on the feedstock used in fuel production. EN 590166 and ASTM D975167 fuel specifications for petroleum-based diesel fuels permit blending with biofuel content of up to 5% and 20%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiodiesel Production
Subtitle of host publicationTechnologies, Challenges, and Future Prospects
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9780784482285
ISBN (Print)9780784415344
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy
  • General Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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