Biological, diagnostic and therapeutic implications of exosomes in glioma

Caroline L. Davidson, Raghupathy Vengoji, Maneesh Jain, Surinder K. Batra, Nicole Shonka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite therapeutic advances, overall survival in glioblastoma is dismal. To optimize progress, a more detailed understanding of glioma's molecular, cellular, and intercellular pathophysiology is needed. Recent investigation has revealed a vital role for exosomes in inter-cellular signaling, tumor cell support, and regulation of the tumor microenvironment. Exosomes carry miRNAs, lncRNAs, mRNAs, proteins, immune regulatory molecules, nucleic acids, and lipids; however, the composition of exosome cargo is variable depending on the cell of origin. Specific exosomal miRNA contents such as miR-21, miR-301a, miR-151a, miR-148a, and miR-5096 are altered in high-grade glioma. Unique proteomic, genomic, and miRNA signatures of tumor exosomes have been associated with disease pathobiology, temozolomide resistance, immunosuppression, and tumor proliferation. Exosomes hold promise for tissue diagnostic glioma diagnosis and monitoring response to therapy. This review summarizes the current understanding of exosomes, their crucial role in glioma pathology, and future directions for their use in diagnosis and treatment. Methods: The MEDLINE/PubMed database was reviewed for papers written in English and publication dates of 1981–2023, using the search string “Exosome”, “Extracellular vesicles”, “Glioma”, “Exosomes in glioma”.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number216592
JournalCancer Letters
Volume582
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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