Biological efficiency to weaning and to slaughter of crossbred beef cattle with different genetic potential for milk.

M. Montaño-Bermudez, M. K. Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biological efficiency of beef production to weaning and to slaughter was estimated in three groups of cattle reasonably similar in growth and mature size but different in the amount of milk available to the calves (low (L) = Hereford x Angus, medium (M) = Red Poll x Angus and high (H) = Milking Shorthorn x Angus). Efficiency was defined as the ratio of estimated kilograms of calf weight weaned or carcass weight produced by a herd of 100 first-cross cows to estimated metabolizable energy (ME) intake by the cows and preweaning non-milk ME intake by the calves or preweaning non-milk and postweaning ME intake by the calves. Efficiencies were estimated assuming observed and average reproductive rates, and using observed energy requirements for maintenance, as well as the same requirements for maintenance in the M and H groups. With the observed reproductive rates and requirements for maintenance, efficiencies to weaning and to slaughter were 28.1, 27.4 and 27.4 g weaning weight per Mcal ME and 22.0, 20.6 and 20.3 g carcass weight per Mcal ME for the L, M and H groups, respectively. With average requirements for maintenance, efficiencies were 28.2 and 27.5 to weaning and 20.8 and 20.4 to slaughter for the M and H groups, respectively. Under equal reproductive rates and observed maintenance requirements, efficiencies were 28.3, 27.2 and 27.7 to weaning, and 22.1, 20.6 and 20.6 to slaughter for the L, M and H groups, respectively. With average maintenance requirements, efficiencies were 27.5 and 27.4 to weaning and 20.7 and 20.5 to slaughter for the M and H groups, respectively. Across the production output and input assumption scenarios, the L group consistently was the most efficient, especially when evaluated at slaughter of calves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2297-2309
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume68
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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