Biological Treatment of Hazardous Waste

T. C. Zhang, R. Y. Surampalli, R. D. Tyagi, S. K. Benerji

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

13 Scopus citations


Biological treatment of hazardous waste (BTHW) involves natural and/or engineered biological systems with living organisms for treatment of hazardous waste. Achievement of various objectives for BTHW requires understanding of the fundamentals related to the type/source of hazardous waste, environmental setting, strategies for BTHW, and effectiveness of treatment technologies. This chapter introduces the historical evolution and key developments of BTHW in aquatic and subsurface environments. The chapter discusses advances and trends in treatment technologies for BTHW (e.g., "Re-NEW-able" wastewater, solid/hazardous waste management, biosimulation, and bio-augmentation). The chapter also briefly reviews topics like (1) molecular technologies, e.g., environmental molecular diagnostics and omics technologies; (2) optimization and green remediation; and (3) other selected technologies (e.g., nanotechnology, biosensors, and assessment of sustainability of BTHW and information fusing). In general, regulations and sustainability have been the biggest drivers for the development of technologies for BTHW.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Subtitle of host publicationSolid Waste Management
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9780444636751
ISBN (Print)9780444636645
StatePublished - 2017


  • Biological treatment
  • Bioremediation
  • Environmental molecular diagnostics
  • Green remediation
  • Hazardous waste
  • Optimization
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Biological Treatment of Hazardous Waste'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this